National audit of the use of surgery and radiological embolization after failed endoscopic haemostasis for non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
BACKGROUND: Following non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB), 10-15 per cent of patients experience further bleeding. Although surgery has been the traditional salvage therapy, there is renewed interest in transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). This study examined the use, clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients receiving salvage surgery or TAE after failed endoscopic haemostasis for NVUGIB. METHODS: A UK national audit of upper gastrointestinal bleeding was under...Expand abstract
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