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Do private regulations ratchet up? How to distinguish types of regulatory stringency and patterns of change

Abstract:

Due to inconsistent concepts of regulatory stringency, scholars offer conflicting accounts about whether competing private governance initiatives “race to the bottom,” “ratchet up,” “converge,” or “diverge.” To remedy this, we offer a framework for more systematic comparisons across programs and over time. We distinguish three often-conflated measures of stringency: regulatory scope, prescriptiveness, and performance levels. Applying this framework, we compare competing U.S. forestry certific...

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Publication status:
Published
Peer review status:
Peer reviewed

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Publisher copy:
10.1177/1086026619858874

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Institution:
University of Oxford
Division:
SSD
Department:
SOGE
Sub department:
Environmental Change Institute
Role:
Author
ORCID:
0000-0002-5238-0936
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Journal:
Organization and Environment More from this journal
Volume:
33
Issue:
1
Pages:
96-125
Publication date:
2020-02-09
Acceptance date:
2020-02-10
DOI:
EISSN:
1552-7417
ISSN:
1086-0266
Language:
English
Keywords:
Pubs id:
1090437
Local pid:
pubs:1090437
Deposit date:
2021-01-28

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