The effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) derivatives on TNF receptors.
The pleiotropic cytokine TNF has been implicated in the regulation of many immune and inflammatory responses in vivo, and in addition exerts a wide range of effects on target cells in vitro. However, although two cell surface receptors for TNF have been identified, and their cDNAs cloned, the amino acid residues necessary for the biological activity of TNF have not been characterized. We have therefore constructed derivatives of TNF termed 'muteins', in which the first 3 to 7 amino acids of n...Expand abstract
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