Blockade of the CD40-CD154 pathway can inhibit CD4(+) T cell activation but is unable to prevent immune responses mediated by CD8(+) T cells. However, even in the absence of CD8(+) T cells, inhibition of the CD40-CD154 pathway is insufficient to prevent the development of transplant arteriosclerosis. This study investigated the mechanisms of transplant arteriosclerosis in the absence of the CD40 pathway. C57BL/6 CD40(-/-) (H2(b)) recipients were transplanted with MHC-mismatched BALB/c (H2(d))...Expand abstract
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Critical role for IL-4 in the development of transplant arteriosclerosis in the absence of CD40-CD154 costimulation.
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