The mechanisms responsible for hypoventilation during rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep in patients with diaphragmatic weakness are not clear. Therefore, we studied the effects of unilateral (UDP) and bilateral (BDP) diaphragmatic paralysis on ventilation during wakefulness (W), slow-wave sleep (SWS), and REM sleep. Studies were performed in 3 trained dogs in which small silicone cuffs had been implanted surgically around the phrenic nerves. Reversible diaphragmatic paralysis was induced during ...Expand abstract
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Effect of acute diaphragm paralysis on ventilation in awake and sleeping dogs.
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