Hypoxia and pH influence gene expression in tumours, and it is becoming increasingly clear that the pattern of genes expressed by a tumour determines its growth and survival characteristics. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a key mediator of the cellular response to hypoxia and high HIF-1 expression has been identified as a poor prognostic factor in tumours. Recently, we identified the tumour-associated carbonic anhydrases (CA), CA9 and CA12 as hypoxia-inducible in tumour cell lines. Fur...Expand abstract
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Carbonic anhydrase XII is a marker of good prognosis in invasive breast carcinoma.
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