Smad2 and Smad3 are closely related effectors of TGFbeta/Nodal/Activin-related signaling. Smad3 mutant mice develop normally, whereas Smad2 plays an essential role in patterning the embryonic axis and specification of definitive endoderm. Alternative splicing of Smad2 exon 3 gives rise to two distinct protein isoforms. The short Smad2(Deltaexon3) isoform, unlike full-length Smad2, Smad2(FL), retains DNA-binding activity. Here, we show that Smad2(FL) and Smad2(Deltaexon3) are coexpressed throu...Expand abstract
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Mice exclusively expressing the short isoform of Smad2 develop normally and are viable and fertile.
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