We report the first stopped-flow fluorescence analysis of transition metal binding (Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cu(2+), and Zn(2+)) to the H-N-H endonuclease motif within colicin E9 (the E9 DNase). The H-N-H consensus forms the active site core of a number of endonuclease groups but is also structurally homologous to the so-called treble-clef motif, a ubiquitous zinc-binding motif found in a wide variety of metalloproteins. We find that all the transition metal ions tested bind via multistep mechanisms. ...Expand abstract
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Multistep binding of transition metals to the H-N-H endonuclease toxin colicin E9.
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