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Journal article

Snake venom ophthalmia and blindness caused by the spitting cobra (Naja nigricollis) in Nigeria.

Abstract:
Venom entered the eyes of 9 patients spat at by the spitting cobra, Naja nigricollis. In 5 the only effect was a simple conjunctivitis but 4 had corneal ulceration, 1 developed anterior uveitis indicating absorption of venom in the anterior chamber, and 2 were permanently blinded. Treatment of this rare emergency is discussed: immediate irrigation of the eye with water, careful examination for corneal abrasion, and prevention of secondary infection are recommended. The value of local specific antivenom is unproven.
Publication status:
Published

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Journal:
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
Volume:
25
Issue:
3
Pages:
525-529
Publication date:
1976-05-05
EISSN:
1476-1645
ISSN:
0002-9637
URN:
uuid:57146c38-f401-40e5-a726-028f964ca66f
Source identifiers:
60979
Local pid:
pubs:60979

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