White matter lesion progression, brain atrophy, and cognitive decline: the Austrian stroke prevention study.
White matter lesions progress over time, but the clinical consequences are widely unknown. Three-hundred twenty-nine elderly community-dwelling volunteers underwent serial magnetic resonance imaging scanning and cognitive testing at baseline and at 3- and 6-year follow-up. We measured the changes in white matter lesion and brain parenchymal volumes. After 6 years, the median increase in white matter lesion load was 0.2 cm3 (interquartile range [IQR], 0.0-0.80 cm3) with a maximum of 31.4 cm3. ...Expand abstract
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