Parent-of-origin effects at the major histocompatibility complex in multiple sclerosis.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility is characterized by maternal parent-of-origin effects and increased female penetrance. In 7796 individuals from 1797 MS families (affected individuals n = 2954), we further implicate epigenetic modifications within major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II haplotypes as mediating these phenomena. Affected individuals with the main MS-associated allele HLA-DRB1*15 had a higher female-to-male ratio versus those lacking it (P = 0.00023). Distorted tra...Expand abstract
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