X-ray scattering measurements of radiative heating and cooling dynamics.
Spectrally and time-resolved x-ray scattering is used to extract the temperature and charge state evolution in a near solid density carbon foam driven by a supersonic soft x-ray heat wave. The measurements show a rapid heating of the foam material (approximately 200 eV/ns) followed by a similarly fast decline in the electron temperature as the foam cools. The results are compared to an analytic power balance model and to results from radiation-hydrodynamics simulations. Finally, the combinati...Expand abstract
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