Paired receptors are families of membrane proteins characterized by similar extracellular regions but different transmembrane and cytoplasmic regions, meaning that some members can give inhibitory signals and others activating signals. Well-characterized examples include the KIR, SIRP, Ly49, Nkpr, and Siglec families. The difference in the repertoire of these genes in mouse and man indicates that these families have evolved rapidly. For example, KIRs are found in humans and not mice, and Ly49...Expand abstract
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How do pathogens drive the evolution of paired receptors?
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