The HLA system and the analysis of multifactorial genetic disease.
The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) system comprises closely linked genes controlling highly polymorphic proteins involved in the presentation of peptides to the T-cell receptor. Specific alleles at HLA loci are associated with diseases, often those suspected to be of autoimmune aetiology. Many of these associations result from linkage disequilibrium between the HLA gene studied and other HLA genes or non-HLA genes close by. Owing to its high level of polymorphism and its candidate role in many...Expand abstract
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