Maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy is associated with adiposity in the offspring: findings from the Southampton Women's Survey.
BACKGROUND: Low vitamin D status has been linked to adiposity, but little is known of the effects of low status in pregnancy on offspring body composition. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine how maternal vitamin D status relates to lean and fat mass of the offspring. DESIGN: The offspring of 977 pregnant women, who had serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] measured at 34 wk gestation, were followed up within 3 wk of birth and at 4 and 6 y of age for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry asses...Expand abstract
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