BACKGROUND: Rupture of atherosclerotic plaque is the main cause of acute coronary syndromes and carotid territory ischaemic stroke. Haemodynamic stress is important in early plaque formation and may affect the stability of mature plaques. There is some evidence that macrophage infiltration and plaque rupture tend to localise to the proximal (upstream) part of the plaque where shear stress is highest. However, previous studies have been too small to assess this reliably. We studied the site o...Expand abstract
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Site of carotid plaque ulceration in relation to direction of blood flow: an angiographic and pathological study.
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