Oxidation of tetrahydrobiopterin by biological radicals and scavenging of the trihydrobiopterin radical by ascorbate.
One-electron oxidation of (6R)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (H(4)B) by the azide radical generates the radical cation (H(4)B(*)(+)) which rapidly deprotonates at physiological pH to give the neutral trihydrobiopterin radical (H(3)B(*)); pK(a) (H(4)B(*)(+) <==> H(3)B(*) + H(+)) = (5.2 +/- 0.1). In the absence of ascorbate both the H(4)B(*)(+) and H(3)B(*) radicals undergo disproportionation to form quinonoid dihydrobiopterin (qH(2)B) and the parent H(4)B with rate constants k(H(4)B(*)(+) ...Expand abstract
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