5,6-Dihydrothymine impairs the base excision repair pathway of a closely opposed AP site or single-strand break.
Ionizing radiation can induce clustered DNA damage (two or more lesions formed within one to two helical turns of DNA by passage of a single ionization track). Using oligonucleotide constructs containing clustered DNA lesions at defined positions, evidence is presented demonstrating that a persistent 5,6-dihydrothymine (DHT) lesion reduces the efficiency of rejoining, in mammalian nuclear extracts, of an opposing AP site or SSB when within 5 bp. The efficiency of repair of the SSB is reduced ...Expand abstract
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