The role of vascular myoglobin in nitrite-mediated blood vessel relaxation.
AIMS: This work investigates the role of myoglobin in mediating the vascular relaxation induced by nitrite. Nitrite, previously considered an inert by-product of nitric oxide metabolism, is now believed to play an important role in several areas of pharmacology and physiology. Myoglobin can act as a nitrite reductase in the heart, where it is plentiful, but it is present at a far lower level in vascular smooth muscle-indeed, its existence in the vessel wall is controversial. Haem proteins hav...Expand abstract
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