Structural and mechanistic studies on anthocyanidin synthase catalysed oxidation of flavanone substrates: the effect of C-2 stereochemistry on product selectivity and mechanism.
During the biosynthesis of the tricyclic flavonoid natural products in plants, oxidative modifications to the central C-ring are catalysed by Fe(ii) and 2-oxoglutarate dependent oxygenases. The reactions catalysed by three of these enzymes; flavone synthase I, flavonol synthase and anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), are formally desaturations. In comparison, flavanone 3beta-hydroxylase catalyses hydroxylation at the C-3 pro-R position of 2S-naringenin. Incubation of ANS with the unnatural substrat...Expand abstract
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