Amplitude degradation of time-reversed pulses in nonlinear absorbing thermoviscous fluids.
The linear wave equation in a lossless medium is time reversible, i.e., every solution p(x, t) has a temporal mirror solution p(x, -t). Analysis shows that time reversal also holds for the lossless nonlinear wave equation. In both cases, time-reversal invariance is violated when losses are present. For nonlinear propagation loses cannot normally be ignored; they are necessary to prevent the occurrence of multivalued waveforms. Further analysis of the nonlinear wave equation shows that amplifi...Expand abstract
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