Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) catalyses cyclization of δ-(l-α-aminoadipoyl)-l-cysteinyl-d-valine (ACV) to isopenicillin N (IPN), the central step in penicillin biosynthesis. Previous studies have shown that IPNS turns over a wide range of substrate analogues in which the valine residue of its natural substrate is replaced with other amino acids. IPNS accepts and oxidizes numerous substrates that bear hydrocarbon sidechains in this position, however the enzyme is less tolerant of analogues p...Expand abstract
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The crystal structure of isopenicillin N synthase with δ-((L)-α-aminoadipoyl)-(L)-cysteinyl-(D)-methionine reveals thioether coordination to iron.
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