Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic, recurrent disorder carrying high morbidity and mortality, leading to health costs of at least $45 billion per year (Kleinman et al., 2003). It is the sixth leading cause of disability among all illnesses (Murray and Lopez, 1996). Between 15 and 28% of bipolar adults experience illness onset before the age of 13, and between 50 and 66% of them experience it before the age of 19 (Leverich et al., 2002, 2003; Perlis et al., 2004). The exact prevalence in child...Expand abstract
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Toward a life span developmental psychopathology perspective on bipolar disorder.
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