Biotin synthase catalyzes formation of the thiophane ring through stepwise substitution of a sulfur atom for hydrogen atoms at the C9 and C6 positions of dethiobiotin. Biotin synthase is a radical S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) enzyme that reductively cleaves S-adenosylmethionine, generating 5'-deoxyadenosyl radicals that initially abstract a hydrogen atom from the C9 position of dethiobiotin. We have proposed that the resulting dethiobiotinyl radical is quenched by the μ-sulfide of the nearby [2...Expand abstract
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9-Mercaptodethiobiotin is generated as a ligand to the [2Fe-2S]+ cluster during the reaction catalyzed by biotin synthase from Escherichia coli.
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