The E2 protein of human papillomavirus type 8 increases the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in human keratinocytes and organotypic skin cultures.
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most frequent human cancer of Caucasian populations. Although the ultraviolet irradiation is a key contributor to the establishment of this keratinocyte malignancy, the infection by some types of human papillomavirus (HPV) has also been implicated in NMSC development. Cancers occur as a result of a complex series of interactions between the cancer cell and its surrounding matrix. The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a role in degrading the extracell...Expand abstract
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