Reference: Rosemary Renaut and Shengxin Zhu, (2012). Application of Fredholm integral equations inverse theory to the radial basis function approximation problem. Unspecified.Citable link to this page:
Abstract: This paper reveals and examines the relationship between the solution and stability of Fredholm integral equations and radial basis function approximation or interpolation. The underlying system (kernel) matrices are shown to have a smoothing property which is dependent on the choice of kernel. Instead of using the condition number to describe the ill-conditioning, hence only looking at the largest and smallest singular values of the matrix, techniques from inverse theory, particularly the Picard condition, show that it is understanding the exponential decay of the singular values which is critical for interpreting and mitigating instability. Results on the spectra of certain classes of kernel matrices are reviewed, verifying the exponential decay of the singular values. Numerical results illustrating the application of integral equation inverse theory are also provided and demonstrate that interpolation weights may be regarded as samplings of a weighted solution of an integral equation. This is then relevant for mapping from one set of radial basis function centers to another set. Techniques for the solution of integral equations can be further exploited in future studies to find stable solutions and to reduce the impact of errors in the data.